Wednesday, May 27, 2015

Yoga improves cardiovascular risk factors, including central obesity and blood pressure: Diabetol Metab Syndr.

 


 
Diabetol Metab Syndr. 2015 Apr 30;7:40. doi: 10.1186/s13098-015-0034-3. eCollection 2015.
Effects of 1-year yoga on cardiovascular risk factors in middle-aged and older adults with metabolic syndrome: a randomized trial.
Siu PM1, Yu AP1, Benzie IF1, Woo J2.
Author information
1Department of Health Technology and Informatics, Faculty of Health and Social Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Hong Kong China.
2Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong China.

Abstract

  
BACKGROUND:

Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a clustering of cardiovascular risk factors, which is associated with diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease. Lifestyle interventions applied to people with MetS has considerable beneficial effects on disease preventive outcomes. This study aimed to examine the effects of 1-year of yoga exercise on the cardiovascular risk factors including central obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia andhyperglycemia in middle-aged and older Hong Kong Chinese adults with MetS
  
METHODS:

Adults diagnosed with MetS using National Cholesterol Education Program criteria (n = 182; mean ± SD age = 56 ± 9.1) were randomly assigned to a 1-year yoga intervention group or control group. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure, waist circumference, fasting plasma glucose, triglycerides, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol were examined at baseline, midway, and on completion of the study. Physical activity level and caloric intake were assessed and included in the covariate analyses.

RESULTS:

A reduction of the number of diagnostic components for MetS was found to be associated with the yoga intervention. Waist circumference was significantly improved after the 1-year yoga intervention. A trend towards a decrease in systolic blood pressure was observed following yoga intervention.

CONCLUSION:

These results suggest that yoga exercise improves the cardiovascular risk factors including central obesity and blood pressure in middle-aged and older adults with MetS. These findings support the complementary beneficial role of yoga in managing MetS.

Source
 
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Physical Exercise Counteracts Genetic Susceptibility to Depression: Department of Laboratory Medicine, Medical University of Vienna

 

     
  


Neuropsychobiology. 2015 May 13;71(3):168-175. [Epub ahead of print]
Physical Exercise Counteracts Genetic Susceptibility to Depression.
Haslacher H1, Michlmayr M, Batmyagmar D, Perkmann T, Ponocny-Seliger E, Scheichenberger V, Pilger A, Dal-Bianco P, Lehrner J, Pezawas L, Wagner O, Winker R.
Author information
1Department of Laboratory Medicine, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.
 
Abstract
 
BACKGROUND/AIMS:
 
Depression is a highly prevalent disorder in elderly individuals. A genetic variant (rs6265) of the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) impacting on emotion processing is known to increase the risk for depression. We aim to investigate whether intensive endurance sports might attenuate this genetic susceptibility in a cohort of elderly marathon athletes.
 
METHODS:
 
Fifty-five athletes and 58 controls were included. rs6265 of the BDNF gene was genotyped by the TaqMan method. Depressive symptoms were assessed by standardized self-rating tests (BDI = Beck Depression Inventory, GDS = Geriatric Depression Scale).
RESULTS:
In multivariable analysis of BDI and GDS scores, the interaction between group (athletes vs. controls) and genotypes ([C];[C] vs. [C];[T] + [T];[T]) was found to be statistically significant (BDI: p = 0.027, GDS: p = 0.013). Among [C];[C] carriers, merely controls had an increased relative risk of 3.537 (95% CI = 1.276-9.802) of achieving a subclinical depression score ≥10 on the BDI. There was no such effect in carriers of the [T] allele. In a multivariable binary logistic regression, genetic information, group (athletes/controls), but no information on rs6265 allele carrier status presented as a significant predictor of BDI scores ≥10.
 
CONCLUSION:
 
Physical exercise positively affects BDNF effects on mood. Since 66Met BDNF secretion is impaired, this effect seems to be much stronger in [C];[C] homozygous individuals expressing the 66Val variant. This confirms that genetic susceptibility to depressive symptoms can indeed be influenced by endurance sports in elderly people. © 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel.
 
Source
 
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The powerful connection between exercise, learning, memory, and cognitive abilities

 


 
A neuroscientist transforms the way we think about our brains, our health, and our personal happiness in this clear, informative, and inspiring guide – a blend of personal memoir, science narrative, and immediately useful takeaways that bring the human brain into focus as never before, revealing the powerful connection between exercise, learning, memory, and cognitive abilities.

Nearing 40, Dr. Wendy Suzuki was at the pinnacle of her career. An award-winning university professor and world-renowned neuroscientist, she had tenure, her own successful research lab, prestigious awards, and international renown.

That was when, to celebrate her birthday, she booked an adventure trip that forced her to wake up to a startling reality: despite her professional success, she was overweight, lonely, and tired and knew that her life had to change. Wendy started simply – by going to an exercise class. Eventually she noticed an improvement in her memory, her energy levels, and her ability to work quickly and move from task to task easily. Not only did Wendy begin to get fit, but she also became sharper; she had more energy, and her memory improved. Being a neuroscientist, she wanted to know why.

What she learned transformed her body and her life. Now it can transform yours.

Wendy discovered that there is a biological connection between exercise, mindfulness, and action. With exercise, your body feels more alive, and your brain actually performs better. Yes – you can make yourself smarter. In this fascinating book, Suzuki makes neuroscience easy to understand, interweaving her personal story with groundbreaking research and offering practical, short exercises – four-minute Brain Hacks – to engage your mind and improve your memory and your ability to learn new skills and function more efficiently.

Taking us on an amazing journey inside the brain as never before, Suzuki helps us unlock the keys to neuroplasticity that can c..
 
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Your brain is what you eat

 

     
  
Debilitating brain disorders are on the rise-from children diagnosed with autism and ADHD to adults developing dementia at younger ages than ever before.
But a medical revolution is underway that can solve this problem: Astonishing new research is revealing that the health of your brain is, to an extraordinary degree, dictated by the state of your microbiome – the vast population of organisms that live in your body and outnumber your own cells ten to one.
What’s taking place in your intestines today is determining your risk for any number of brain-related conditions.
In Brain Maker, Dr. Perlmutter explains the potent interplay between intestinal microbes and the brain, describing how the microbiome develops from birth and evolves based on lifestyle choices, how it can become “sick,” and how nurturing gut health through a few easy strategies can alter your brain’s destiny for the better.
With simple dietary recommendations and a highly practical program of six steps to improving gut ecology, Brain Maker opens the door to unprecedented brain health potential.
“Dr. Perlmutter’s book is among those rare and exciting exceptions: information so empowering, so enlightening, and presented so clearly and concisely that the reader emerges far better off for the reading experience. Put this book on your short list of must-reads for health and nutrition.”—William Davis, MD, author of Wheat Belly
“The research in Brain Maker was a revelation to me. And it will be to you as well. And, most importantly, you don’t have to wait for this information to become mainstream. You can ensure your brain health-and that of your family-by following the practical program outlined here.”—Christiane Northrup, MD, author of Women’s Bodies, Women’s Wisdom and Goddesses Never Age
“The single most important medical innovation in the 21st century is making the link between the gut and the little bugs that live there and nearly every chronic disease – from autism to depression, from asthma to autoimmune disease, from diabetes to dementia. Brain Maker is a game changer. For the first time, this brilliant scientist doctor connects the dots and teaches us why we need to tend our inner garden (our microbiome) and provides a radical but simple plan to reset, reboot, and renew your microbiome. This book shouldn’t be called Brain Maker, it should be called Health Maker.”—Mark Hyman, MD, author of The Blood Sugar Solution
- See more at: http://www.stonehearthnewsletters.com/your-brain-is-what-you-eat/nutrition/#sthash.Ss9VSUTA.abX5yxCV.dpuf

Saturday, May 23, 2015

Boxing Update: Danny O'connner rescheduled and ready to fight May 23, 2015

 
 
 
Boston's Danny O'Connor was originally set to fight Brooklyn's own Paulie Malignaggi Friday May 29 at Barclays center live on Spike. Paulie Suffered a cut last Wednesday will sparring and that fight was canceled. Danny's management was able to salvage all that hard work by moving him up a week to fight on todays NBC card featuring DeGale vs Dirrell. Dr. Baio caught up with Danny to get his opinion on the situation and find out who Danny will be fighting.
 
 
Dr. B: When did you hear the fight was canceled?

Do: Friday

Dr. B: How did you take Paulie dropping out of the contest?

DO: I don't plan life & I sure don't control it I only control how I react to it. I'm not crying over spilt milk I possess the tools mentally and physically to adapt and over come. Luckily I wasn't robbed of my chance to compete I am grateful that I could materialize a fight last minute and still have the chance to perform. Paul who? I'm focused on the task at hand which is Chris may 23 

Was there an option for you to stay on the Brooklyn card?

DO: Not sure if staying in Brooklyn was still a option,I think boston just made more sense for me 

Dr. B: Fighting in your home town must feel like a good second option.

DO: It's never a second option fighting at home is my first choice always I love it 

Dr. B: Will having one less week of training effect you any?

Do: No

Dr. B: Do you have any opponent yet?

DO: Chris Gilbert from Vermont 

Dr. B: Will your fight be televised?

DO: I'm the swing bout for TV

Dr.B: All the best Saturday night.

 
DO: Thank you, I appreciate the email and kind words. This is my email contact me anytime you want. 

Thursday, May 21, 2015

Most Americans Don’t Use Sunscreen

 

     
Newswise — SCHAUMBURG, Ill. (May 19, 2015) — Exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation is the most preventable risk factor for all types of skin cancer, including melanoma. But according to new research published in the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, the majority of Americans are not regularly using sunscreen to protect themselves from the sun’s harmful UV rays.
Researchers from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) examined the results of a 2013 survey that asked participants how often they use sunscreen when outside in the sun for more than an hour. Only 14.3 percent of men and 29.9 percent of women reported that they regularly use sunscreen on both their face and other exposed skin.

A higher percentage of women reported that they regularly use sunscreen on their face (42.6 percent) than on other exposed skin (34.4 percent). This discrepancy was smaller among men, with 18.1 percent regularly using sunscreen on their face and 19.9 percent regularly using it on other exposed skin.

“Women may be more likely to use sunscreen on the face because of the anti-aging benefits, or because of the many cosmetic products on the market that contain sunscreen,” says Dawn Holman, MPH, a behavioral scientist at the CDC and the study’s lead author. “However, it’s important to protect your whole body from the sun, not just your face.”

According to the study, men were more likely than women to never use sunscreen, with 43.8 percent of men (compared to 27 percent of women) saying they never use sunscreen on their face and 42.1 percent of men (compared to 26.8 percent of women) saying they never use it on other exposed skin. The study also indicated that sunscreen use is particularly low among those with lower incomes, non-Hispanic blacks and individuals whose skin is less sensitive to the sun.

“Anyone can get skin cancer, so everyone should take steps to protect themselves from the sun,” says board-certified dermatologist Mark Lebwohl, MD, FAAD, president of the American Academy of Dermatology (Academy). “The Academy recommends everyone choose a sunscreen with a label that states it is broad-spectrum, has a Sun Protection Factor (SPF) of 30 or higher, and is water-resistant.”
More than 80 percent of the sunscreen users surveyed reported using an SPF of 15 or higher, while about 60 percent said they use a broad-spectrum formula. Almost 40 percent of users, however, were unsure whether their sunscreen provided broad-spectrum protection.

“Broad-spectrum sunscreen protects against both UVA and UVB rays, both of which can cause cancer,” Dr. Lebwohl says. “Recent sunscreen regulations implemented by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration make it easier for consumers to see on the sunscreen label whether the product is broad-spectrum.”

Follow these Academy tips for effective sunscreen use:

 1. Choose a broad-spectrum, water-resistant sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher.

 2. Apply sunscreen at least 15 minute before sun exposure.

 3. Use enough sunscreen to cover your whole body (about an ounce for most adults), and apply it to all exposed areas, including the ears, scalp, tops of the feet and legs.

 4. Ask someone else to help you apply sunscreen on hard-to-reach spots like your back.

 5. Reapply sunscreen at least every two hours, or immediately after swimming or sweating.

“Using sunscreen can reduce your risk of skin cancer and early skin aging, but it shouldn’t be your only line of defense against the sun,” Holman says. “It’s best to combine sunscreen with other forms of sun protection. Communities can help with strategies like providing shade in outdoor areas, which can make it easier for individuals to stay sun-safe while enjoying the outdoors.”

The Academy offers these additional sun protection tips:

 1. Seek shade, especially between the hours of 10 a.m. and 2 p.m., when the sun’s rays are the strongest.

 2. Wear protective clothing, including a long-sleeved shirt, pants, a wide-brimmed hat and sunglasses, when possible.

 3. Use extra caution near water, sand or snow, all of which can reflect and intensify UV rays.

 4. If you want to look tan, use a self-tanning product, but continue using sunscreen with it.

“One in five Americans will develop skin cancer in their lifetime,” Dr. Lebwohl says. “The best way to reduce your skin cancer risk is to protect yourself from UV exposure.”

For more information about how to prevent skin cancer, visit the Academy website SpotSkinCancer.org. There, you can learn how to perform a skin self-exam, download a body mole map for tracking changes in your skin and find a free SPOTme® skin cancer screening in your area. You can also find information about the Academy’s Shade Structure Grant Program, which has awarded more than 325 shade structure grants to organizations across the country that provide shade for more than half a million individuals each day. SPOT Skin Cancer™ is the Academy’s campaign to create a world without skin cancer through public awareness, community outreach programs and services, and advocacy that promote the prevention, detection and care of skin cancer.
 
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Drinking chamomile decreases risk of death in older Mexican American women: University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston

 


 
Researchers from The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston have found that drinking chamomile tea was associated with a decreased risk of death from all causes in Mexican-American American women over 65. The findings were recently published online in The Gerontologist.
Chamomile is one of the oldest, most-widely used and well-documented medicinal plants in the world and has been recommended for a variety of healing applications. It is currently widely used as an herbal remedy in Mexico and among Mexican-Americans.
 
The study examined a seven-year period during which researchers tracked the effects of chamomile and the cause of death in older Mexican- Americans. The researchers analyzed data from 1,677 women and men from the Hispanic Established Populations for Epidemiologic Study of the Elderly, a population-based study of Mexican-Americans aged 65 and older from five Southwestern states, including Texas. Fourteen percent of the people in the study drank chamomile tea.
 
The data showed that consuming chamomile was associated with a 29 percent decreased risk of death from all causes among women compared with nonusers, even after adjusting for demographics, health conditions and health behaviors. This effect was not present in men.
 
“The reason for a difference in our reported findings between Hispanic women and men is not clear, although women were shown to be more frequent users of chamomile than men,” said Bret Howrey, assistant professor in the UTMB department of family medicine. “This difference may be due to traditional gender roles whereby women manage the day-to-day activities of the household, including family health, and may also reflect greater reliance on folk remedies such as herbs.”
 
It is unclear how chamomile use is associated with decreased mortality. Recent studies of chamomile have shown potential benefits in treating hyperglycemia, upset stomach, diabetic complications and anxiety disorder. Chamomile has also been touted for its cholesterol-lowering, antioxidant, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory and anti-platelet effects. The exact pathway for the reduction in mortality represents an important area for future research.
 
###
 
Other authors include UTMB’s M. Kristen Peek, Juliet McKee, Mukaila Raji, Kenneth Ottenbacher and Kyriakos Markides.
This research was supported by the National Institutes of Health.
 
Source
 
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