Thursday, July 30, 2015

PREMIER BOXING CHAMPIONS - GARCIA VS. MALIGNAGGI FINAL PRESS CONFERENCE QUOTES

PREMIER BOXING CHAMPIONS - GARCIA VS. MALIGNAGGI
FINAL PRESS CONFERENCE QUOTES & PHOTOS

NEW YORK (July 30, 2015) - Premier Boxing Champions on ESPN and undercard fighters held a final press conference Thursday at B.B. Kings Blues Club & Grill in Times Square as they near their Saturday, August 1 showdowns at Barclays Center.

The event is headlined by undefeated star Danny "Swift" Garcia (30-0, 17 KOs) as he makes his 147-pound debut against two-time world champion Paulie "The Magic Man" Malignaggi (33-6, 7 KOs). Televised coverage begins at 9 p.m. ET/6 p.m. as middleweight world champion Daniel "The Miracle Man" Jacobs (29-1, 26 KOs) defends in his hometown against former world champion Sergio "The Latin Snake" Mora (28-3-2, 9 KOs).

Here is what the participants had to say Thursday:


DANNY GARCIA

"We had a tremendous camp, I've never felt so strong in my life. For the first time in my career I can actually train to get better.

"We're just focused on training. We did everything in camp - we even chased chickens.

"I accomplished a lot at 140-pounds and I'm going to do a lot at 147. On Saturday at Barclays Center you're going to see a spectacular Danny Garcia.

"I want to be known as a great Philadelphia fighter and a great Puerto Rican fighter. I'm the first Puerto Rican from Philly to ever be a world champion. I have the Philly skills and toughness with the Puerto Rican blood, it's the perfect mixture.

"I've watched Paulie fight my whole career. He's a tough veteran and I'm sure he's got some tricks up his sleeve. I just have to go in there and stick to business on Saturday night.

"Barclays Center is my home away from home. We have a nice routine when we're in Brooklyn. We keep it simple.

"I pay attention to the positive things in my career and that's getting in the gym and working hard and getting better. That's my main focus.

"Everything is better at 147. I feel stronger. My form feels good. The footwork is great. I can eat regularly now. Still disciplined but it's a lot easier."

PAULIE MALIGNAGGI

Paulie Malignaggi W/ Manager Anthony Catanzaro
and Dr. Baio
at Columbas day Parade last October
"For Danny's team, it's only about him and for me it's all about myself. My best versus his best. This is a big opportunity from me, professionally and personally. My career started 14 years ago in Brooklyn and people think it's going to end Saturday in Brooklyn, but I'm not letting that happen.

"It's been an emotional camp. I find myself thrust back into the limelight of a major fight when it was least expected. The question marks and doubts come up in my mind and that's made it emotional. I work hard every day. I've quietly had one of my best training camps

"There are no excuses here. Saturday night is the best of Paulie Malignaggi. I look forward to testing myself against the best Danny Garcia. I've always loved and relish the big names and the big opportunities.

"Sometimes I lay in bed at night thinking about matchups between fighters. Now I'm thinking of myself in that conversation and we'll fin out on Saturday how I stack up.

"Quietly but surely, I'm very confident about Saturday night. I'm bringing my best."

DANIEL JACOBS

Daniel Jacobs with Dr. Baio
at ESPN fight in vegas
"This is another great opportunity to showcase my skills. I'm on a good knockout streak and I feel confident about this fight.

"Sergio Mora is a Rubik's cube, you have to figure him out. He's crafty and I have the utmost respect for him. I'm 100 percent confident in my ability to go out there and put on a good show

"I hear Sergio is coming here to knock me out and if that's the case this is going to be a real exciting fight. I look forward to it because I'm coming forward and if two guys are doing that it's going to be a great fight.

"I'm excited to give these Brooklyn fans a great fight. I love being at home and seeing all of the familiar faces I've seen since the amateur days."

SERGIO MORA

I'm excited to fight at Barclays Center. Brooklyn is beautiful and has great fans. Lou DiBella is about to have another fighter named Sergio as a middleweight champion after Saturday night.

"I think this is going to be a really successful fight because of all the stars up here. It's a great event for boxing fans.

"I'm a grown man now and I'm looking to become a two-time world champion. This is my third time at a middleweight title shot but the first time an opponent showed up. I'm excited and ready to go. I'm thankful for everyone who has opened the door for me. This is it.

"Daniel is strong in the ring. He's a powerful, confident champion. He's not used to losing and he's used to hitting his targets, but I'm the total opposite of that. It's going to be tough for him.

"Until he gets in there with me and realizes how tough I am, then he's going to realize he has a challenge coming to him. I want to take him out of his element.

"It's a big burden to be a hometown fighter and he's going to realize that. It's detrimental to be fighting in your hometown and I think he's too young to realize that. It's going to be to my advantage on fight night."

ANGEL GARCIA, Danny's Father & Trainer

"Danny had a great camp. It was an awesome camp and he's going to make a lot of noise. We're not taking Malignaggi lightly, but we've come to win. We don't come to lose.

"It's not about Malignaggi, it's about Danny. People can say whatever they want to say but we're coming to make noise at 147. We're not running from anybody.

"I promise you Danny will be the world champion at 147. I've seen visions of it. This is going to be a great fight and then after that anybody can get it."

LOU DIBELLA, President of DiBella Entertainment

"I've known Paulie Malignaggi since he was a teenager and won the nationals in a big surprise to people. He turned pro on one of my shows and one thing I know about him, it's that he's not going to back down from a challenge and he's going to give it 110 percent on Saturday.

"Danny Garcia has been a dominant force in the 140-pound division. He's won fights by stunning knockout and he's won by decisions. He always finds a way to win. That's what he's planning to do on Saturday night.

"Sergio Mora is here to challenge for another world championship. He comes in on a good streak of impressive wins. He's always been known as a boxer and he's been in the ring with the best fighters in the world.

"Daniel Jacobs is one of the best guys in boxing. His story of perseverance is one that has been told many times. He's a young, strong champion looking to show that he's got what it takes in the ring as well as outside of it.

"This is a fantastic card featuring four great fighters from Brooklyn on the undercard. We're going to open the doors and immediately start with these great fights.

"This will be Heather Hardy's fourth fight at Barclays Center and she will be joined on the undercard by Polish heavyweight from Brooklyn Adam Kownacki, who is looking to make some noise in the division.

"Rafael Vasquez has a truly inspirational story. He uses boxing to draw attention to the cause of autism and his wife who is battling courageously against cancer, and winning. I really want to see him get a world title shot, because his life has been a battle that he takes on with courage every day.

"We also have a terrific prospect in Prichard Colon from Puerto Rico. He's undefeated and really an exciting guy to watch in the ring."

BRETT YORMARK, CEO of Barclays Center
 
Brett Yormark center w/ Paulie to his left at Cabrini dinner.
"It's our 14th big night of boxing in Brooklyn and we're really excited about it. It's a business we're committed to and one we want to grow. Our goal is to go monthly with big events at Barclays Center.

"With Paulie and Danny, it's a big night to have them back at Barclays Center. It is the fourth time for both and they both represent Brooklyn so well.

"I want to welcome Sergio Mora for the first time and we're excited to have you in Brooklyn.

"As we've told Danny Garcia before, this is his second home and we're happy to have you and your father back.

"We're excited to be on ESPN, because they provide an incredible platform for these fighters and the sport as a whole.

"We expect a great crowd on Saturday night and we look forward to an exciting night at Barclays Center."

For more information visit www.premierboxingchampions.com, www.barclayscenter.com and www.dbe1.com. Follow on Twitter @PremierBoxing, @DannySwift, @PaulMalignaggi, @LouDiBella, @ESPNBoxing, @BarclaysCenter and @Swanson_Comm and become a fan on Facebook at www.Facebook.com/PremierBoxingChampions, www.facebook.com/fanpagedannyswiftgarcia, www.facebook.com/PaulMalignaggi, www.facebook.com/barclayscenterand www.facebook.com/ESPN. Follow the conversation using #PBConESPN and #BrooklynBoxing.

Malignaggi vs Garcia: PREMIER BOXING CHAMPIONS ON ESPN

 
 
 
 
 
 
BROOKLYN (July 29, 2015) - Premier Boxing Champions on ESPN featured fighters were joined by local Brooklyn favorites featured on this Saturday's undercard for a media workout at Gleason's Gym in advance of their respective showdowns at Barclays Center.
 
Saturday's headlining event features undefeated star Danny "Swift" Garcia (30-0, 17 KOs) as he takes on two-time world champion from Brooklyn Paulie "The Magic Man" Malignaggi (33-6, 7 KOs) in a 12-round welterweight tilt. Televised coverage begins at 9 p.m. ET/6 p.m. PT as Brooklyn's Daniel "The Miracle Man" Jacobs (29-1, 26 KOs) defends his middleweight world title against former world champion Sergio "The Latin Snake" Mora (28-3-2, 9 KOs).
 
Tickets for the live event, which is promoted by DiBella Entertainment in association with Swift Promotions, are priced at $250, $150, $120, $75 and $45, not including applicable service charges and taxes, and are on sale now. Tickets are available at www.barclayscenter.com, www.ticketmaster.com and at the American Express Box Office at Barclays Center. To charge by phone, call Ticketmaster at (800) 745-3000. For group tickets, please call 855-GROUP-BK.
 
Here is what the participants had to say Wednesday:
 
DANNY GARCIA
 
"[On going up to 147 pounds] You're going to see a lot more energy in the ring. You'll see a smarter fighter. I'll have more agility and we're going to go in there to get the job done.
 
"We're just working hard. At the end of the day it's about being 100 percent prepared. I did everything right this camp and I'm ready.
 
"The game plan is to go in there and be Danny Garcia and be spectacular. I don't know which Paulie to expect but I'm prepared for any version of him we see. I'm sparring a lot of guys who move and guys who come forward so I'm ready for anything.
 
"If we're both at 100 percent then I'll take my 100 percent over his without a doubt. My style is made to beat any fighter in the game. I'm sure he trained hard but we're going to get this victory.
 
"I'm only focused on being a fighter. I don't think anybody can beat a 110 percent Danny Garcia. At the end of the day, I know I beat a lot of good fighters and I'm going to show my heart in the ring.
 
"There's no pressure but I'm looking forward to an excellent performance. I'm ready to fight today if the fight was today. I feel faster at 147. I won't be flat-footed in there. You're going to see it all on Saturday.
 
"I feel like I'm one of the most versatile fighters in the sport. I'm going to feel strong for 12 rounds on Saturday. I've felt strong all camp."
 
PAULIE MALIGNAGGI
 
 
"I feel great at 147 pounds. I've always felt very strong at this weight and it's where I should be. I still had to make sacrifices in training but I've never made weight so easily. I'm coming off back-to-back camps and I feel like I'm in the best shape I've ever been.
 
"To be a two-time world champion you need to be able to do more than just jab and move. My IQ and my overall boxing ability and skillset make me the fighter that I am today.
 
"I don't think Danny is overlooking me but I feel that the fans and the media are. I love challenges and I love things that motivate me. I wake up in the morning saying this is hard, but I know I can do it.
 
"The bigger the challenge the more excited I am. It brings the best out of me. I have fought some of the greatest fighters of our time. There's no reason I would stop now.

"Fighting at home at Barclays Center against Danny Garcia, one of the biggest fights in boxing, I couldn't ask for more."
 
DANIEL JACOBS
 
"Sergio Mora is a slick fighter. He can slip punches well and he's defensively minded. He's a cagey fighter but he lacks power. He has a lot of defensive flaws and I just have to be patient and take advantage of them.
 
"We have a game plan in store, but in a pro fight anything can happen. You have to be able to adjust on the fly.
 
"I have a great team that helps me take care of things so that I can focus on training. I avoid all distractions that would take me away from being at my best.
 
"Fighting on the PBC cards has been outstanding. I love the intro and coming out on that stage. I felt like a superstar.
 
"This training camp has been a pleasure, hard work but a pleasure. It was difficult because Sergio is so hard to prepare for. You can't prepare for it with sparring or just one thing. I'm looking forward to showing my true skills and showing what a true champion is."
 
SERGIO MORA
 
"I'm thrilled about this opportunity. I've had two huge letdowns before with world title shots falling through. Now that this is here, there is no way I'm going to let it pass me by.
 
"I'm happy to be here. I'm happy to be at Barclays and happy to be on PBC. I love being the underdog and I'm going to shock the world on Saturday night.
 
"I'm in the second phase of my career now, DiBella and PBC have saved my career and my life.
 
"PBC is great, it's free TV and we're putting out heart, blood, sweat and tears into this and the fans get to see it on free TV. This is great for the fans, for the fighters and for the entire sport as a whole; it's what boxing needed."
 
RAFAEL VASQUEZ
 
"This is a great opportunity and a blessing to be on this card. There's so many great fighters from Brooklyn. Barclays Center is great and it gives us fighters from Brooklyn the opportunity to fight at a first class venue right here at home.
 
[On his Autistic eight-year-old daughter Kaylene]..."I want to show other people that are dealing with this, that they are not alone. I see this as a blessing to be able to raise awareness and speak out and show other families that are struggling with Autism that we are in this together.
 
"When people see me step into the ring I want them to know that I'm not only fighting for myself but I'm fighting for them. I want to be the face of Autism in boxing."
 
HEATHER HARDY
 
"It's really important to me that I stay relevant and that I'm a part of the conversation so when I saw this fight coming up in August I made sure that I was on this card.
 
"There really is extra motivation going up against Renata Domsodi again. I felt like when the two of us faced off last time and the bout was ruled a no contest that we owed it to every other female boxer to show that we belong there and I thought she quit.
 
"Renata was coming in with her face down swinging her arms and I charged her while she was coming in and that caused the cut. We've been working on stepping to the side when she does that and being a little bit more patient.
 
"If all goes well Saturday I'll be ready to get back in the ring in September. I'm in shape and I live in the gym. This is what I do. You have to stay a part of the conversation. I want to see a higher level of competition every time I step into the ring.
 
"This is probably the hardest I've ever worked, out of all of my camps. Not for any other reason than just putting in extra work. Honestly I'm in the best shape of my life."
 
TRAVIS PETERKIN
 
"I've trained so hard, I put blood, sweat and tears into this. I put my soul into this. I put my life into this. We're ready.
 
"It's no secret that I'm from Brooklyn, born and raised, I didn't move here from anywhere. Guys like Mike Tyson, Riddick Bowe and Shannon Briggs I just want to follow in their footsteps. I want to be great and learn from those that came before me.
 
"I'm a boxer-puncher. I'll adapt to the fighter. If he runs, I'll go get him. But I also know how to be smart and use my technical abilities.
 
"I'm facing a tough guy in Lenin Castillo. He's got a good record and was a 2008 Olympian. Everything looks good on paper, but when the time comes, I'm going to take him out.
 
"I train right here at Gleason's. When we're a couple months from a fight everybody is smiling and joking but when we're this close to the fight, everybody is serious. It's all about hard work."
 
For more information visit www.premierboxingchampions.com, www.barclayscenter.com and www.dbe1.com. Follow on Twitter @PremierBoxing, @DannySwift, @PaulMalignaggi, @LouDiBella, @ESPNBoxing, @BarclaysCenter and @Swanson_Comm and become a fan on Facebook at www.Facebook.com/PremierBoxingChampions, www.facebook.com/fanpagedannyswiftgarcia, www.facebook.com/PaulMalignaggi, www.facebook.com/barclayscenterand www.facebook.com/ESPN. Follow the conversation using #PBConESPN and #BrooklynBoxing.

Monday, July 27, 2015

Drinking Beet Juice Regularly May Lengthen Your Workouts: New Study

 

     

Newswise — Bethesda, Md.—Beet juice is a dietary source of the molecule nitrate. When converted in the body, nitrate can dilate the blood vessels and increase blood flow, both important factors for exercise performance. In a new study from American Journal of Physiology–Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology, healthy male subjects who drank beet juice for 15 days had lower blood pressure and more dilated blood vessels at rest and during exercise. Blood vessels also dilated more easily and the heart consumed less oxygen during exercise with beet juice consumption.

According to the researchers, the findings suggest that beet juice can be used as a dietary nutraceutical supplement to enhance oxygen delivery to the muscles and reduce the work the heart does during exercise. Exercise can be “performed at a given workload for a longer period of time before the onset of fatigue,” the researchers added.

The article “Effects of Chronic Dietary Nitrate Supplementation on the Hemodynamic Response to Dynamic Exercise” is published ahead of print in the American Journal of Physiology–Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology.

###


About the American Physiological Society
Physiology is the study of how molecules, cells, tissues and organs function in health and disease. Established in 1887, the American Physiological Society (APS) was the first U.S. society in the biomedical sciences field. The Society represents more than 11,000 members and publishes 14 peer-reviewed journals with a worldwide readership.
  
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Wednesday, July 22, 2015

Dietary protein recommendations need updating: experts

 
New research based on modern techniques suggests that recommendations for protein intake in healthy populations may be incorrect. In a paper just published in Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, an NRC Research Press journal (a division of Canadian Science Publishing), researchers put the focus on protein as an essential component of a healthy diet. Protein helps people stay full longer, preserve muscle mass, and when combined with adequate physical activity, has the potential to serve as a key nutrient for important health outcomes and benefits.

It’s not only how much protein you eat, it’s the type of protein that is important.

Most protein-rich foods are also rich in vitamins and minerals. Choosing the right type of protein, within the bounds of Canada’s Food Guide, will lead to an overall healthy diet. This new research suggests that including a moderate amount of high-quality protein at each meal may offer an effective strategy for optimising muscle protein synthesis and potentially protecting muscle mass. “The message of protein at each meal in moderation is a paradigm shift from the typical nonspecific default recommendation of a large, global increase in protein intake for populations actively seeking to increase or maintain muscle mass and function” says co-author of the study, Dr. Rajavel Elango, Scientist at the Child & Family Research Institute at BC Children’s Hospital and Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatrics, School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia. “It is important that individuals and policy makers alike are aware of the advances in dietary protein research technology that aid in making healthy dietary choices”.

New research based on modern techniques suggests updates to recommendations may be needed.
Recommendations for protein intake in healthy populations are based on older techniques. Current dietary protein recommendations may not be sufficient to promote optimal muscle health in all populations, especially aging populations, which are prone to muscle loss. The research published today in Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism provides an overview of recent developments in research that are aimed at defining protein requirements.

Protein continues to be the right choice for weight loss management.

Promoting healthy protein choices combined with physical activity is an essential approach as policy makers attempt to control the obesity epidemic. In weight loss management, adequate protein (while ensuring that caloric intake is within a healthy range) has been shown to preserve muscle mass without gain in fat mass.

Findings of this study are particularly important as they apply across the life-cycle; this is reinforced as protein is needed to make new tissues during periods of growth and development.

Source
 
- See more at: http://www.stonehearthnewsletters.com/dietary-protein-recommendations-need-updating-experts/nutrition-protein/#sthash.qqtuG1e2.26u5cgeR.dpuf

Tuesday, July 21, 2015

Post-Exercise Hypotension and Its Mechanisms Differ after Morning and Evening Exercise: A Randomized Crossover Study.

 

     

PLoS One. 2015 Jul 17;10(7):e0132458. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0132458.

Post-Exercise Hypotension and Its Mechanisms Differ after Morning and Evening Exercise: A Randomized Crossover Study.

de Brito LC1, Rezende RA2, da Silva Junior ND1, Tinucci T3, Casarini DE4, Cipolla-Neto J5, Forjaz CL1.

Author information

1Exercise Hemodynamic Laboratory, School of Physical Education and Sport, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.
2Nephrology Department of Medical School, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.
3Exercise Hemodynamic Laboratory, School of Physical Education and Sport, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil; Post-graduate Program of Medicine, University of 9 July, São Paulo, Brazil.
4Department of Medicine, Division of Nephrology, School Paulista of Medicine, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.
5Neurobiology Laboratory, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Abstract

Post-exercise hypotension (PEH), calculated by the difference between post and pre-exercise values, it is greater after exercise performed in the evening than the morning.

However, the hypotensive effect of morning exercise may be masked by the morning circadian increase in blood pressure.

This study investigated PEH and its hemodynamic and autonomic mechanisms after sessions of aerobic exercise performed in the morning and evening, controlling for responses observed after control sessions performed at the same times of day.

Sixteen pre-hypertensive men underwent four sessions (random order): two conducted in the morning (7:30am) and two in the evening (5pm).

 At each time of day, subjects underwent an exercise (cycling, 45 min, 50%VO2peak) and a control (sitting rest) session.

Measurements were taken pre- and post-interventions in all the sessions.

The net effects of exercise were calculated for each time of day by [(post-pre exercise)-(post-pre control)] and were compared by paired t-test (P<0.05). Exercise hypotensive net effects (e.g., decreasing systolic, diastolic and mean blood pressure) occurred at both times of day, but systolic blood pressure reductions were greater after morning exercise (-7±3 vs. -3±4 mmHg, P<0.05).

Exercise decreased cardiac output only in the morning (-460±771 ml/min, P<0.05), while it decreased stroke volume similarly at both times of day and increased heart rate less in the morning than in the evening (+7±5 vs. +10±5 bpm, P<0.05).

Only evening exercise increased sympathovagal balance (+1.5±1.6, P<0.05) and calf blood flow responses to reactive hyperemia (+120±179 vs. -70±188 U, P<0.05).

In conclusion, PEH occurs after exercise conducted at both times of day, but the systolic hypotensive effect is greater after morning exercise when circadian variations are considered.

This greater effect is accompanied by a reduction of cardiac output due to a smaller increase in heart rate and cardiac sympathovagal balance.

Source

- See more at: http://www.stonehearthnewsletters.com/post-exercise-hypotension-and-its-mechanisms-differ-after-morning-and-evening-exercise-a-randomized-crossover-study/circadian-rhythms/#sthash.HtyHv7sE.nEuTKolR.dpuf

Indirect Effects of Exercise on Emotional Eating Through Psychological Predictors of Weight Loss in Women

 

     
Appetite. 2015 Jul 13. pii: S0195-6663(15)00329-3. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2015.07.012. [Epub ahead of print]

Indirect Effects of Exercise on Emotional Eating Through Psychological Predictors of Weight Loss in Women.

Annesi JJ1, Mareno N2.

Author information

1Kennesaw State University and YMCA of Metro Atlanta.
2Kennesaw State University.

Abstract

An improved understanding of how weight-loss interventions might be tailored to improve emotional eating is required.

This study aimed to assess mediation of the relationship between increased exercise and decreased emotional eating so that behavioral treatments might be optimized.

After randomization, women with obesity (N=108; mean age =48 years) were assigned to either a previously tested treatment of manual-based self-help for nutrition and exercise plus brief phone follow-ups, or a new protocol of cognitive-behavioral methods of exercise support intended to carry-over psychological improvements to better controlled eating and weight loss.

A community-based field setting was incorporated.

Validated self-report measures were administered over 6 months.

Significant overall improvements in exercise outputs, emotional eating, mood, and self-regulation and self-efficacy for controlled eating were found.

The newly developed treatment protocol demonstrated significantly greater improvements in exercise outputs and self-regulation.
In a multiple mediation analysis, changes in self-regulation, self-efficacy, and mood significantly mediated the relationship between changes in exercise and emotional eating.

Changes in self-efficacy and mood were significant independent mediators.

Within follow-up analyses, the substitution of emotional eating subscales that addressed specific moods, and a subscale of self-efficacy for controlled eating that addressed that factor specifically in the presence of negative emotions, yielded results generally consistent with those of the multiple mediation analysis.

Results suggested a psychological pathway of exercise’s association with emotional eating changes in women with obesity. Guided by the present findings, tailoring exercise support and leveraging it to induce specific psychological improvements might reduce emotional eating and improve weight-management outcomes.

Source

- See more at: http://www.stonehearthnewsletters.com/indirect-effects-of-exercise-on-emotional-eating-through-psychological-predictors-of-weight-loss-in-women/human-behavior-emotional-eating/#sthash.4gn8OOzj.GAUsOXbI.dpuf

The Effect of Breakfast Prior to Morning Exercise on Cognitive Performance, Mood and Appetite Later in the Day in Habitually Active Women.

 

     
Nutrients. 2015 Jul 14;7(7):5712-5732.

The Effect of Breakfast Prior to Morning Exercise on Cognitive Performance, Mood and Appetite Later in the Day in Habitually Active Women.

Veasey RC1, Haskell-Ramsay CF2, Kennedy DO3, Tiplady B4, Stevenson EJ5.

Author information

1Brain, Performance and Nutrition Research Centre, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE18ST, UK. rachel.veasey@northumbria.ac.uk.
2Brain, Performance and Nutrition Research Centre, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE18ST, UK. crystal.haskell-ramsay@northumbria.ac.uk.
3Brain, Performance and Nutrition Research Centre, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE18ST, UK. david.kennedy@northumbria.ac.uk.
4Brain, Performance and Nutrition Research Centre, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE18ST, UK. brian@penscreen.com.
5Brain, Performance and Nutrition Research Centre, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE18ST, UK. e.stevenson@northumbria.ac.uk.


Abstract


Pre-exercise nutritional practices for active females exercising for mood, cognitive and appetite benefits are not well established.

Results from an initial field pilot study showed that higher energy intake at breakfast was associated with lower fatigue and higher overall mood and alertness post-exercise (all p < 0.05).

In a follow-up, randomised, controlled trial, 24 active women completed three trials in a balanced, cross-over design. At 0815 h participants completed baseline cognitive tasks, mood and appetite visual analogue scales (VAS) and were administered a cereal breakfast (providing 118 or 236 kcal) or no breakfast.

After 45 min, they completed a 30 min run at 65% heart rate reserve (HRR). Parameters were re-assessed immediately after exercise, then hourly until lunch (~1240 h), immediately post-lunch and at 1500 and 1900 h via a mobile phone. Breakfast enhanced feelings of relaxation before lunch (p < 0.05, d > 0.40), though breakfast was detrimental for working memory mid-afternoon (p = 0.019, d = 0.37) and mental fatigue and tension later in the day (all p < 0.05, d > 0.038).

Breakfast was also beneficial for appetite control before lunch irrespective of size (all p < 0.05, d > 0.43).

These data provide information on pre-exercise nutritional practices for active females and suggest that a small breakfast eaten prior to exercise can benefit post-exercise mood and subjective appetite ratings.

Source
 
- See more at: http://www.stonehearthnewsletters.com/the-effect-of-breakfast-prior-to-morning-exercise-on-cognitive-performance-mood-and-appetite-later-in-the-day-in-habitually-active-women/updates/#sthash.RCfdcTdS.0CuRqnAH.dpuf