Monday, November 23, 2015

tryouts for THE UPcOMINg SEASON OF The Ultimate Fighter® CURRENTLY open to three weight classes





tryouts for THE UPcOMINg SEASON OF

The Ultimate Fighter® CURRENTLY open to three weight classes





Tryouts to be held in Las Vegas on Monday, December 14


Las Vegas, Nevada – UFC® announces tryouts for the upcoming season of its long-running successful reality series, The Ultimate Fighter®, at Red Rock Casino in Las Vegas, Nev. on Monday, December 14. This season’s tryouts are currently open to both 115- and 135-pound women, as well as 205-pound men, with winning professional records.


This season of The Ultimate Fighter will begin filming in January and is scheduled to premiere on FS1 in April 2016.


Candidates must be between the ages of 21 and 34 years of age, have the legal ability to live and work in the United States, and have professional Mixed Martial Arts (MMA) fight experience – holding a winning record with a minimum of three professional fights (with verifiable records). Applications, which should be completed and brought to the tryouts, can be found online at Tryout details are provided below:



Red Rock Casino

11011 W. Charleston Blvd.

Las Vegas, Nevada 89135



Monday, December 14, 2015

Registration begins at 8:00 a.m. PT


Fighters will be required to grapple & hit pads. Please bring appropriate gear.


*Applicants will be notified at the end of the day if they have been selected to move on in the casting process. If selected, applicants must be prepared to stay in Las Vegas until Saturday, December 19, 2015.


Questions can be directed to:


The Ultimate Fighter®, which debuted in 2005, has launched the careers of some of the UFC’s most recognizable names and successful athletes. The series has produced champions such as Forrest Griffin, Rashad Evans, TJ Dillashaw, Carla Esparza and Matt Serra, as well as season winners Michael Bisping, Ryan Bader, Nate Diaz and John Dodson.


For more show information, bios, videos and photos, visit and don’t forget to follow us on Twitter @UltimateFighter or on




About UFC®

UFC® is the premier mixed martial arts (MMA) organization and largest Pay-Per-View event provider in the world. Headquartered in Las Vegas with offices in London, Toronto, Singapore and Sao Paulo, UFC produces more than 40 live events annually that consistently sell out some of the most prestigious arenas around the globe. UFC programming is broadcast in 158 countries and territories to over one billion TV households worldwide in 21 different languages. The UFC has a multi-year broadcast agreement with FOX in the U.S., which annually includes four live events broadcast on the FOX network, as well as The Ultimate Fighter® reality television show and thousands of hours of programming on FOX Sports 1 and FOX Sports 2. In 2014, UFC launched UFC FIGHT PASS®, a digital subscription service that is available throughout the world with exclusive live events, thousands of fights on-demand and original content. The UFC organization also licenses over 100 UFC GYM® locations, and owns UFC.TV® (offering live event broadcasts and video on-demand around the world), UFC FIT® (an in-home fitness and nutrition program), UFC Magazine, and has a videogame franchise with EA SPORTSUFC Fight Club®UFC Fan Expo®UFC branded apparel, DVDs and Blu-rays and Topps Trading Cards. For more information, visit and follow UFC at and Instagram: @UFC.


Tuesday, November 17, 2015

Carbohydrate Dependence During Prolonged, Intense Endurance Exercise


Sports Med. 2015 Nov 9. [Epub ahead of print]

Carbohydrate Dependence During Prolonged, Intense Endurance Exercise.
Hawley JA1,2, Leckey JJ3.

Author information

1The Mary MacKillop Institute for Health Research, Centre for Exercise and Nutrition, Australian Catholic University, Locked Bag 4115, Fitzroy, VIC, 3065, Australia.
2Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK.
3The Mary MacKillop Institute for Health Research, Centre for Exercise and Nutrition, Australian Catholic University, Locked Bag 4115, Fitzroy, VIC, 3065, Australia.


A major goal of training to improve the performance of prolonged, continuous, endurance events lasting up to 3 h is to promote a range of physiological and metabolic adaptations that permit an athlete to work at both higher absolute and relative power outputs/speeds and delay the onset of fatigue (i.e., a decline in exercise intensity).
To meet these goals, competitive endurance athletes undertake a prodigious volume of training, with a large proportion performed at intensities that are close to or faster than race pace and highly dependent on carbohydrate (CHO)-based fuels to sustain rates of muscle energy production [i.e., match rates of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) hydrolysis with rates of resynthesis].
Consequently, to sustain muscle energy reserves and meet the daily demands of training sessions, competitive athletes freely select CHO-rich diets.
Despite renewed interest in high-fat, low-CHO diets for endurance sport, fat-rich diets do not improve training capacity or performance, but directly impair rates of muscle glycogenolysis and energy flux, limiting high-intensity ATP production.
When highly trained athletes compete in endurance events lasting up to 3 h, CHO-, not fat-based fuels are the predominant fuel for the working muscles and CHO, not fat, availability becomes rate limiting for performance.

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Re-Examining High-Fat Diets for Sports Performance


Sports Med. 2015 Nov 9. [Epub ahead of print]
Re-Examining High-Fat Diets for Sports Performance: Did We Call the ‘Nail in the Coffin’ Too Soon?

Burke LM1,2.

Author information

1Sports Nutrition, Australian Institute of Sport, Canberra, ACT, Australia.
2Mary MacKillop Institute for Health Research, Australian Catholic University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.


During the period 1985-2005, studies examined the proposal that adaptation to a low-carbohydrate (60 % energy) diet (LCHF) to increase muscle fat utilization during exercise could enhance performance in trained individuals by reducing reliance on muscle glycogen.

As little as 5 days of training with LCHF retools the muscle to enhance fat-burning capacity with robust changes that persist despite acute strategies to restore carbohydrate availability (e.g., glycogen supercompensation, carbohydrate intake during exercise).

Furthermore, a 2- to 3-week exposure to minimal carbohydrate (<20 g/day) intake achieves adaptation to high blood ketone concentrations.

However, the failure to detect clear performance benefits during endurance/ultra-endurance protocols, combined with evidence of impaired performance of high-intensity exercise via a down-regulation of carbohydrate metabolism led this author to dismiss the use of such fat-adaptation strategies by competitive athletes in conventional sports.

Recent re-emergence of interest in LCHF diets, coupled with anecdotes of improved performance by sportspeople who follow them, has created a need to re-examine the potential benefits of this eating style.

Unfortunately, the absence of new data prevents a different conclusion from being made.
Notwithstanding the outcomes of future research, there is a need for better recognition of current sports nutrition guidelines that promote an individualized and periodized approach to fuel availability during training, allowing the athlete to prepare for competition performance with metabolic flexibility and optimal utilization of all muscle substrates.

Nevertheless, there may be a few scenarios where LCHF diets are of benefit, or at least are not detrimental, for sports performance.


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Effects of Exercise on Sleep Among Young Women With Generalized Anxiety Disorder


Ment Health Phys Act. 2015 Oct 1;9:59-66.

Effects of Exercise on Sleep Among Young Women With Generalized Anxiety Disorder.

Herring MP1, Kline CE2, O’Connor PJ3.

Author information

1Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, PESS1045, University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland ; Health Research Institute, University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland.
2Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh, 3811 O’Hara St., Pittsburgh, PA 15213.
3Department of Kinesiology, The University of Georgia, 330 River Road, Athens, GA 30602.



Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) and disturbed sleep are prevalent, debilitating, and frequently comorbid problems for which successful treatment remains limited. Exercise can promote sleep but whether it does among GAD patients is unknown.


Thirty sedentary women (18-37y) with a primary DSM-IV diagnosis of GAD were randomized to six weeks of resistance (RET) or aerobic exercise training (AET), or waitlist (WL). RET and AET involved twice-weekly sessions of either lower-body weightlifting or leg cycling matched on multiple features of exercise. Outcomes included total sleep time (TST), lights out time, awakening out of bed time, time in bed (TIB), sleep onset latency (SOL), wakefulness after sleep onset, and sleep efficiency. Hedges’ d effect sizes and 95% confidence intervals were calculated for each exercise condition compared to WL. Regression examined baseline associations between anxiety and sleep and associated change.


Twenty-two of 26 participants reported poor baseline sleep (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index >5). RET significantly decreased weekend TIB (d=-1.79; [-2.89, -0.70]) and SOL (d=-1.30; [-2.32, -0.28]), and significantly increased weekend sleep efficiency (d=1.30; [0.29,2.32]). AET significantly reduced weekend TIB (d=-1.13; [-2.16, -0.11]) and SOL (d=-1.08; [-2.09, -0.06]). Reduced GAD clinical severity rating was significantly associated with improved weekend sleep efficiency among RET (t 6=-3.48, p≤0.013).


Short-term exercise training improves sleep outcomes among GAD patients, especially for RET and weekend sleep. Findings suggest improved sleep may be associated with reduced clinical severity among GAD patients.

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Thursday, November 12, 2015

Fitter legs linked to a ‘fitter’ brain


Researchers at King’s College London have found that muscle fitness as measured by power in the legs is strongly associated with an improved rate of ageing in the brain.
The findings, published in Gerontology, suggest that simple interventions, such as increased levels of walking, targeted to improve leg power in the long term may have an impact on healthy cognitive ageing. The research was funded jointly by the NIHR and the Wellcome Trust.
Scientists studied a sample of 324 healthy female twins from the TwinsUK volunteer registry over a ten-year period from 1999, measuring various health and lifestyle predictors. Researchers were, therefore, able to control for genetic factors affecting changes in cognitive function.
Thinking, learning and memory were measured at both the beginning and end of the study and it was found that leg power was a better predictor of cognitive change than any other lifestyle factors tested. Generally, the twin who had more leg power at the start of the study sustained their cognition better and had fewer brain changes associated with ageing measured after ten years.
Previous studies have shown that physical activity can have a beneficial effect on the ageing of the brain with animal studies showing that exercising muscles releases hormones that can encourage nerve cells to grow.
The study is thought to be the first that shows a specific link between power (i.e. force and speed) in the lower limbs and cognitive change in a normal, healthy population. As the legs contain the largest muscles they are of particular relevance for muscular fitness and can be exercised easily through various habitual activities such as simply standing or walking.
Dr Claire Steves, lead author and Senior Lecturer in Twin Research at King’s College London and King’s College Hospital said: ‘Everyone wants to know how best to keep their brain fit as they age. Identical twins are a useful comparison, as they share many factors, such as genetics and early life, which we can’t change in adulthood.
‘It’s compelling to see such differences in cognition and brain structure in identical twins, who had different leg power ten years before. It suggests that simple lifestyle changes to boost our physical activity may help to keep us both mentally and physically healthy.’
However, more studies are needed to better understand the relationships between measures of fitness such as leg power or aerobic capacity and brain changes, and the specific cause-and-effect of physical activity on brain structure and cognition. The mechanisms behind this association are not yet clear and could involve other factors such as age-related changes in immune function, blood circulation or nerve signaling.
The study only assessed female participants with an average age at baseline of 55 (range 43–73), so further studies would also be needed to establish whether these findings can be generalized to older or male populations.
Kicking Back Cognitive Ageing: Leg Power Predicts Cognitive Ageing after Ten Years in Older Female Twins’ will be published online in Gerontology on Tuesday 10 November 2015
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For type 2 diabetics, short bursts of high-intensity exercise better than 30 minutes at lower intensity


ORLANDO, Florida, Nov. 10, 2015 — Short bursts of high-intensity exercise improved cholesterol, blood sugar and weight among Type 2 diabetes patients more than 30 minutes of sustained, lower-intensity exercise, according to research presented at the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions 2015.

Researchers found that after three months of high-intensity exercise in 10-minute bursts done three times per day, five days a week, led to an average 0.82 percent decrease in three-month blood sugar patterns compared with just 0.25 percent among those who performed more sustained, lower-intensity exercise also five times per week.

Exercise is known to help reduce cholesterol and weight as well as manage Type 2 diabetes – all risk factors for heart disease. Historically, diabetes management programs have focused primarily on low-intensity, sustained exercise, said lead study author Avinash Pandey, an undergraduate student at the University of Western Ontario in London, Ontario, Canada.

“However, more may be accomplished with short bursts of vigorous exercise, in which patients achieve a higher maximum target heart rate, and may be easier to fit into busy schedules,” Pandey said. “We also found that these 10 minute intervals may be easier to fit into busy schedules, since people randomized to that regimen were more consistent with exercise and ended up doing more exercise per week.”

The study was conducted in 76 patients with Type 2 diabetes (70 percent male, average age 67) who were recruited for the study shortly after their diagnosis. Patients were randomly assigned to either 30 minutes of exercise five days a week at 65 percent of their target heart rate or ten minutes of exercise three times a day, five days a week at 85 percent of their target heart rate.

Burst exercise patients actually ended up exercising more, and overall, experienced a 2.3-fold greater improvement in HbA1c levels as well as a three-fold reduction in body mass index — a measurement of height versus weight. Burst exercise patients also showed greater improvements in their cholesterol levels and stronger cardiac fitness, as measured by stress testing.

Researchers said it’s unclear why shorter bursts of high-intensity exercise would lead to more significant improvements compared with sustained, lower-intensity exercise. One theory is that higher intensity exercise uses energy in a different way, suggests Pandey.

“We are hoping to continue looking at burst exercise and sustained exercise in larger and more diverse patient populations. With further study, burst exercise may become a viable alternative to the current standard of care of low-intensity, sustained exercise for diabetes rehabilitation.”

Pandey’s co-author is Paul Poirier, M.D., Ph.D. Author disclosures are on the manuscript.

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Monday, November 9, 2015

Chrondroitin Outperforms Celecoxib in Knee Osteoarthritis Study


Newswise — SAN FRANCISCO— For the first time, chondroitin sulfate has been more successful than celecoxib in reducing the long-term progression of knee osteoarthritis (OA), according to new research findings presented this week at the American College of Rheumatology Annual Meeting in San Francisco.

Osteoarthritis is a slowly progressive disease in which joint cartilage breaks down. Normally, cartilage on the ends of bones allows smooth, pain-free joint movements. In OA, cartilage becomes thin and irregular, resulting in symptoms of joint pain and stiffness. Grinding or cracking sensations may occur. Joints that are under high stress due to repeated activity or weight bearing are most susceptible to OA. The hips, knees, hands and spine are commonly affected. OA becomes more common with aging.

Chondroitin sulfate, more commonly called chondroitin, has long been the subject of debate when it comes to its usefulness in treating OA. Canadian researchers recently explored how this treatment would affect how OA progresses as well as how it compared to celecoxib (Celebrex) – an often used first-line symptomatic treatment in the disease.

“We felt the present study was necessary in order to establish — using the most recent imaging technology available, quantitative magnetic resonance imaging (qMRI) — whether chondroitin sulfate can truly and effectively reduce the progression of the disease in patients suffering from knee OA,” says lead investigator in the study, Jean-Pierre Pelletier, MD; professor of medicine, University of Montreal; director, Rheumatic Disease Unit, Department of Medicine, University of Montreal School of Medicine; head, Arthritis Division, University of Montreal Hospital Centre (CHUM); head, Chair in Osteoarthritis of the University of Montreal; and director, Osteoarthritis Research Unit, University of Montreal Hospital Research Centre (CRCHUM).

Dr. Pelletier’s team studied 194 people with knee OA and inflammation of the synovial membrane in the knee. The participants were followed for two years and were divided into two groups. The first group took 1200mg (pharmacological preparation) of chondroitin daily, and the second group took 200mg of celecoxib daily.

After the initial evaluation, the researchers followed up with participants again at one and two years to look at a number of factors that would indicate the effectiveness of chondroitin. At all three touchpoints with the participants, the researchers performed MRIs to detect loss of cartilage, changes in bone marrow legions, and thickening of the synovial membrane in the knee. Additionally, patients were evaluated for swelling and fluid in the knee and their overall symptoms — collected through the visual analogue scale and Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index; VAS and WOMAC, respectively.

At both one and two years, the researchers found a better reduction of cartilage loss in the whole knee, and more particularly in the inner half, of the participants on chondroitin when compared to those on celecoxib. Additionally, there was a decrease in synovial membrane thickness in some of the participants on chondroitin, showing far better results for this group. “These findings are most important as they demonstrate that chondroitin, in contrast to celecoxib, can reduce the loss of cartilage, at least in part, by reducing synovial inflammation (thickness),” Dr. Pelletier says.

Both groups noticed a marked reduction in swelling and fluid in the knee in a large number of patients. Both groups also showed a similar effectiveness at reducing OA symptoms over the course of the study. Finally, both groups were able to reduce the amount of acetaminophen they took each day, and both experienced a good tolerance to the treatment they were taking.

“This study demonstrates that both chondroitin sulfate and celecoxib are equally effective at reducing the symptoms of knee OA patients. However, only chondroitin sulfate was found to be capable of slowing down the progression of the disease by reducing the loss of cartilage,” Dr. Pelletier remarks, while also noting further studies to establish the effect of chondroitin in other joints could be of interest.

While these results are promising, Dr. Pelletier would like to point out that the study only used pharmaceutical-grade chondroitin, and results may not be similar for all chondroitin products such as food supplements. Therefore, he recommends that patients consult with their physicians on the use of such treatment for OA.

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